Anterior cruciate ligament tear: Is an operation always necessary?

In a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, a multi-disciplinary team of scientists from Germany and Australia compared two different therapeutic approaches for a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament, which is one of the most common and serious knee injuries. The scientists examined operation shortly after the injury compared to a rehabilitation therapy approach, in which the patient first receives rehabilitation and surgery is only provided if it is still deemed necessary after rehabilitation. The research team found no clinically relevant differences between early surgical reconstruction and primary rehabilitation with optional reconstruction. The researchers published the results of their meta-analysis on August 30, 2022 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

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